Gemstones Uncovered: Zircon

ZirconZircon is named after the element it contains, Zirconium. Zirconium is a shiny white-gray metal that looks like titanium. Its name comes from the Persian word Zargun meaning gold-like. It is not a well-known stone and is often confused with a similarly named stone Cubic Zirconia. However, these two stones are completely different. Zircon has a very different chemical composition and is a natural mineral.

Zircon (more…)

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Emerald by Day, Ruby by Night

AlexandriteThis colour changing chrysoberyl was first discovered in 1834 in Russia. This was around the same time that the Russian Tsar Alexander II was in power and therefore it was given the name Alexandrite. It is an extremely rare gemstone and is therefore not often found in jewelry. This gemstone is not fascinating at first, but once you have seen it in the light it has a unique beauty.

Alexandrite is (more…)

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Mohs Scale

Mohs ScaleThe Mohs scale measures the hardness of select minerals. Hardness is the degree to which a gemstone resists scratches. It is determined by the strength of the chemical bonds between its atoms. The scale ranks minerals from one to ten, with ten being the hardest. Each mineral has the ability to scratch all of the minerals ranking below it. The Mohs Scale was originally devised by Friedrich Moh, a mineralogist, (more…)

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136 Carat Fancy Yellow Diamond Found

Fancy YellowWorkers in a Siberian diamond mine have found what could possibly turn out to be the world’s largest fancy vivid yellow faceted diamond. In late April of last year, a 136 carat rough yellow diamond was uncovered in the Yakutia mine by the Udachninsky Mining Company. The color of the stone is described as “honey yellow” and has an irregular shape.
The Idachninsky Mining Company is a subdivision of (more…)

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